Climate and Weather information about Canada

Best travel time and climate: Canada’s north

The best time to travel to northern Canada is between June and August . The polar climate ensures average temperatures of -20 degrees Celsius in January, but minus degrees of -40 degrees Celsius are not uncommon here. The northern coastal regions are surrounded by ice all year round. Only Hudson Bay thaws for three months a year. Short summers and long, cold winters are typical of the north of Canada. The first snow can fall as early as September. Have you always wanted to see the northern lights? The north-west of Canada in particular is known for the natural spectacle and attracts many visitors. The best time to see the Northern Lights is September and May, but there is never any guarantee.

The climate in western Canada

According to, the climate in western Canada is much warmer than in the north. The relatively warm Pacific coast ensures mild temperatures , while mountains protect the west from extreme cold. Even in the winter months, temperatures rarely drop below freezing point , in summer it gets up to 25 degrees Celsius. The maritime climate often brings with it high levels of precipitation and the air coming from the sea carries a lot of moisture to the coast, which turns into precipitation in front of the surrounding mountains. One of the must-see cities on the west coast is Vancouver. The climate in Toronto is also mild and sometimes has longer periods of good weather. In July it will be 24 degrees Celsius warmest on average, plus the sun shines for up to ten hours. With five rainy days a month, July and August are the driest months. December is the month with the highest rainfall with 17 rainy days. In the winter months it gets particularly dark, in December the sun only shines for an hour. Temperatures drop to zero degrees Celsius in winter .

Climate table for Vancouver

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 6 8 11 14 18 22 23 23 19 14 10 7
Min. Temperature in ° C 1 0 3 5 8 11 12 11 10 7 4 2
Hours of sunshine per day 2 3 4 6 7 7 10 8 6 4 2 1
Water temperature in ° C 9 8 8 9 11 13 14 15 13 12 11 8
Rainy days per month 15 14 14 11 9 7 5 5 8 12 17 17

Climate and weather data for East Canada

In the east you will find a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers . The temperatures on the east coast are milder all year round, on the Atlantic coast it remains comparatively cool even in summer. Mild winters and cool summers dominate the coastal region of Newfoundland and the provinces in the south of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Autumn is definitely one of the most beautiful seasons in Eastern Canada. During Indian Summer, the deciduous forests transform Canada into a colorful backdrop, a wonderful play of colors! The winter months are colder inland than on the coast. Many national parks and accommodations close during this time.

The climate in the south of Canada

The climate in the south of Canada

It gets warmest in southern Canada. Ontario and Quebec are characterized by a continental climate. The summers are hot and humid, the winters cold and snowy . In Quebec, it gets up to 23 degrees Celsius in summer , and the sun shines for around seven hours in June. In December the temperature is between -6 and -13 degrees, the coldest month of the year is January with a minimum temperature of -17 degrees. Quebec is very rainy, even in the summer months it rains an average of at least eleven days. A lot of snow falls in December and January. The climate in the coastal region is milder and more pleasant than in the inland regions due to the ocean currents.

Climate table for Quebec

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C -8 -7 -1 7 17 22 23 23 18 11 2 -6
Min. Temperature in ° C -17 -16 -10 -2 5 11 14 12 8 3 -4 -13
Hours of sunshine per day 3 5 4 5 6 7 6 5 5 4 2 2
Rainy days per month 16 14 13 12 12 13 13 11 12 12 15 16

The climate in the Prairie Provinces: Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba

The Prairie Provinces, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba have a predominantly continental climate . The region is characterized by short but very warm summers. Precipitation is rare. When it rains, it does so in short, strong bursts. The prairie provinces therefore often suffer from drought . There are usually no transitions between the seasons, summer weather is often followed by a sudden onset of winter and vice versa. The climate in Alberta often differs from the weather conditions of the prairies when the wind Chinook carries warm air masses into Alberta.

The climate in the Prairie Provinces

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