Surrounded by the aquamarine waters of the Gulf of Naples, this small island is often referred to as Italy’s paradise. And no wonder – Capri really resembles a marvelous tropical paradise: picturesque coasts with secluded coves, reefs and rocks, lush gardens, the heady aroma of jasmine, olive and citrus trees, ancient ruins and the ancient architecture of the two cities of the island with consonant names – Capri and Anacapri. The delightful nature, the healing climate and the idyllic atmosphere of the island have attracted many famous people to Capri for many centuries. Liliana Cavani and Jean-Luc-Godard filmed their films in Capri. And the list of celebrities who lived in Capri at different times can be envied by any of the most luxurious resorts in the world: Emperors Octavian Augustus and Tiberius, Churchill and Eisenhower, Tchaikovsky and Le Corbusier, Oscar Wilde and Ivan Turgenev, Graham Greene and Maxim Gorky, Heinrich and Thomas Mann, Jean Cocteau and Konstantin Stanislavsky. There is one explanation for this – Capri has its own special aura, about which Ivan Bunin wrote: “Our entire stay here was a continuous holiday. Sometimes it seemed to me that we were not in real life, but in a fairy tale… ”
The island of Capri is located approximately 10 km southwest of the tip of the Gulf of Sorrentine, in the southern part of the Gulf of Naples, the island covers an area of about 10 km² (the island’s population is less than 10,000 people), is washed by the Tyrrhenian Sea and is part of the Italian province of Naples in the Campania region.
climate in Capri is typically Mediterranean – mild and healing, there are very few cloudy days a year. The average temperature in summer is + 28 °C, with water temperature + 25 °C, in winter + 15-17 °C.
Capri’s sunny, salubrious climate and rich nature have given the island a special culinary tradition. Here, in addition to typical Italian cuisine, many local dishes and products are offered. Cheeses produced in Capri such as Caciocavallo, Provolone del Monaco, Silano and Mozzarella are famous all over Europe. The island’s specialties include chestnut dishes such as Montella and candied Roccadaspide chestnuts. Of the vegetables, one of the most popular on the island is zucchini, which is cooked here in all forms, juicy poured tomatoes, from which excellent tomato sauce is prepared, as well as magnificent large lemons, which are used in almost all dishes, and from which the popular Limoncello liqueur is made.
The history of Capri (the name of the island goes back to the ancient Greek κ?προς – “boar”, or from the Latin capreae – goat) begins in the Paleolithic era, as evidenced by numerous archaeological finds. In ancient times, Capri was a colony of the Phoenicians, and then the Greeks. In 326 BC. in the history of Capri, the Roman period begins – until 29 BC. the island belonged to an ally of Rome – Naples, and later the Roman emperor Augustus offered Naples to exchange Capri for the Roman island of Ischia, and, having received Capri, he built his residence here. The successor of Augustus, the emperor Tiberius, also lived on Capri. In the Middle Ages, Capri again fell under the rule of Naples, and in 866 King Louis II decided to transfer the island to the Republic of Amalfi, after which the island was ruled by the Lombards, then by the Normans and Suebi. Since 1230, Capri has been under the auspices of Count Eliseo Arcucci. In the 16th century, the island was often subjected to pirate raids, and in 1534, after the raid of the Turks under the leadership of Khairad-Din, the cities and villages of the island were almost completely destroyed. At the beginning of the 19th century, the French emperor Napoleon I placed a military garrison on Capri, but the French troops were expelled by Great Britain. Since that time, Capri has become a favorite vacation spot for many writers, artists, artists, representatives of the noble aristocracy from all over Europe: Alexander Dumas, Oscar Wilde, Graham Greene, Summerset Maugham, Pablo Neruda, Maxim Gorky, Ivan Bunin and many others. The island still attracts many tourists with its amazing nature, magnificent beaches, azure sea and rich historical heritage.